The Philippines is sitting on the Pacific Ring of Fire and is among the countries with the most active and dangerous volcanoes.
At the time of this writing, the Mayon volcano continues to spew ash, lava, and other underground materials that caused more than 70,000 inhabitants to flee from the area.
The following is the list of active and dangerous volcanoes found in the Philippines. These volcanoes have a history of eruptions based on recorded data and can explode at any time. This list is in alphabetical order.
1. Babuyan Claro Volcano (Mount Pangasun) is an active volcano located on Babuyan Island, the northernmost of the Babuyan group of islands in Luzon Strait, north of the main island of Luzon in the Philippines. Eruptions were recorded in 1831, 1860, and 1913. Askedna Hot Springs is at the southern base of the volcano.
2. Mount Banahaw (other spelling: Banahao or Banájao) is an active volcano on Luzon in the Philippines. The three-peaked volcano complex is located between the provinces of Laguna and Quezon and is the tallest mountain in the CALABARZON region dominating the landscape for miles around. Eruptions were uncertain during the mudflows of 1730, 1743, 1843, and 1909.
3. Mount Biliran is a solfataric active volcano located in the island province of Biliran in the Philippines. The volcano caused the formation of the island. The most recent recorded phreatic eruption was in 1939.
4. Mount Binuluan (also known as Ambalatungan) is a remote volcano in the Kalinga province of the Cordillera Administrative Region of the Philippines. Explosions in 1952 are uncertain. Fumarolic with solfataras and thermal springs.
5. Mount Bulusan, or Bulusan Volcano, is the southernmost volcano on Luzon Island in the Republic of the Philippines. It is situated in the province of Sorsogon in the Bicol region, 70 km (43 mi) southeast of Mayon Volcano and approximately 600 km (370 mi) southeast of the Philippine capital of Manila. Bulusan is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines with continuous eruptions recorded from 1886 to 2011. Bulusan is permanently monitored.
6. Cabalian Volcano is an active volcano located in the province of Southern Leyte (Region VIII) in the Philippines. Sulfuric activity on Cabalian has been continuously monitored by the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS).
7. Cagua Volcano is a stratovolcano located in the Philippine province of Cagayan. It is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines and has erupted twice in recorded history. Its last eruption was in 1907. Eruption in 1860 and strong solfataric activity in 1907. Thermal areas are near the summit and NW to NNE flanks.
8. Camiguin de Babuyanes is an active stratovolcano on Camiguin Island, part of the Babuyan Islands group that is located in Luzon Strait, north of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. Its only recorded eruption was in 1857. Fumarolic with thermal springs.
9. Didicas Volcano is an active volcanic island in the province of Cagayan in the northern Philippines. The island, which was a submarine volcano and re-emerged from the sea in 1952, is 22 kilometers (14 mi) NE of Camiguin Island, one of the Babuyan Islands in Luzon Strait. Eruptions in 1773, 1856, 1900, 1952, 1969 and 1978. A submarine volcano till 1952 when a permanent island was formed.
10. Mount Hibok-Hibok (also known as Catarman Volcano) is a stratovolcano on Camiguin Island in the Philippines. It is one of the active volcanoes in the country and part of the Pacific ring of fire. Eruption in the years 1827, 1862, 1871, and 1948–1952. Activity from 1897-1902 was only solfataric. Permanently monitored.
11. Mount Iraya, is an active volcano on Batan Island and the highest point in the province of Batanes, Philippines. The last eruption was in 1454. Seismic swarm in 1998.
12. Mount Iriga, also known as Mount Asog, is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines, in the province of Camarines Sur, in the Philippines. The eruption in 1628 was discredited.
13. Jolo Group is an active group of volcanoes on the island of Jolo in Southern Philippines. The Global Volcanism Program lists Jolo as one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines. Uncertain submarine eruption in 1897. Listed as Bud Dajo, a cinder cone on Jolo Island, in the PHIVOLCS list.
14. Kanlaon also spelled as Kanla-on or sometimes Canlaon is an active stratovolcano on the island of Negros, Philippines. It is the highest point in Negros, as well as the whole Visayas, with an elevation of 2,465 m (8,087 ft) above sea level. Eruptions were recorded from 1886 to 2006. On November 23, 2015, the volcano had a small, steam-driven explosion. PHIVOLCS raised the alert level to 1 (mild restiveness). Permanently monitored. Kanlaon is the 3rd most active volcano in the Philippines with 26 recorded eruptions.
15. Leonard Kniazeff is a stratovolcano between the municipalities of Mabini and Maco in Compostela Valley province, the island of Mindanao, Philippines. The last eruption was dated as c.120 AD. Strong thermal features.
16. Makaturing, is a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines. It is found in the province of Lanao del Sur (particularly in the town of Butig) in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The eruptions were recorded in 1865 and 1882. The 1856 and 1858 eruptions were credited to Ragang.
17. Matutum is an active volcano, approximately 5.7 kilometers (3.5 mi) from Acmonan, Tupi, South Cotabato, Philippines. Mountain was fumarolic on March 7, 1911, but if an eruption occurred was uncertain. Thermal springs in Akmoan and Linan.
18. Mayon is also known as Mayon Volcano or Mount Mayon, is an active stratovolcano in the province of Albay in Bicol Region, on the large island of Luzon in the Philippines. Eruptions were recorded from 1616 to 2013. Permanently monitored. Volcanic activity is identified up to the present. Alert Level 3 was raised. It could be advanced to Alert Level 5. Mayon is the most active volcano in the Philippines with more than 50 recorded eruptions.
19. Musuan Peak or Mount Musuan, also known as Mount Calayo literally “Fire Mountain”) is an active volcano on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. It is 4.5 kilometers (2.8 mi) south of the city of Valencia, province of Bukidnon, and 81 kilometers (50 mi) southeast of Cagayan de Oro City. Eruptions in 1866 & 1867. Strong seismic swarm in 1976.
20. Mount Parker, locally known as Melibengoy, is a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines. It is located in the province of South Cotabato, 30 kilometers (19 mi) west of General Santos City and 44 kilometers (27 mi) south of Koronadal City. A caldera-forming eruption occurred on January 4, 1641.
21. Mount Pinatubo is an active stratovolcanic caldera in the Zambales Mountains, located on the tripoint boundary of the Philippine provinces of Zambales, Tarlac, and Pampanga, all in Central Luzon on the northern island of Luzon. Reawakened in 1991 producing the 2nd largest eruption in the 20th century. Followed by milder eruptions in 1992 and 1993.
22. Mount Ragang, also called Mount Piapayungan and Blue Mountain by the local people is a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines. It is the seventh highest mountain in the Philippines and the highest point in Lanao del Sur. Eruption years are from 1765 to 1873. Eruptions were uncertain in 1915 and 1916.
23. The Laguna Volcanic Field, also known as the San Pablo Volcanic Field, is a volcanic field in the Philippines, located between Laguna de Bay, Mount Banahaw volcano complex, and Mount Malepunyo range. It is part of the larger Southwestern Luzon Volcanic Field (SWLVF). From Manila, it is about 50 kilometers (31 mi) southeast of Mount Makiling, its most prominent volcanic feature. The last activity was the formation of Sampaloc Lake around 1350 AD +/- 100 years determined by anthropology. The field is also home to a geothermal plant.
24. Smith Volcano, also known as Mount Babuyan, is a cinder cone on Babuyan Island, the northernmost of the Babuyan group of islands on Luzon Strait, north of the main island of Luzon in the Philippines. The mountain is one of the active volcanoes in the Philippines, which last erupted in 1924.
25. Taal Volcano is a complex volcano located on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. It is the second most active volcano in the Philippines with 33 historical eruptions. Eruption years is from 1572 to 1977, and recently in January last year (2020) and continues to be active until now.